News & Insights

Coming to terms with Planning Law…

Foskett Marr Gadsby & Head LLP set out the following glossary as a useful guide of some commonly used planning terms. References to “LPA” mean “local planning authority”:

Planning Term Definition
Affordable Housing Housing provided at a cost considered affordable for people with average/below average incomes taking into account housing market prices
Brownfield Site Previously developed land
Compulsory Purchase Order The authority for a public institution to acquire land from a third party compulsorily
Conservation Area An area of special architectural or historical interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance. LPAs may impose planning restrictions on buildings in conservations areas.
Detailed/Full Application An application for full planning permission where no matters are reserved for approval at a later stage
Enforcement Notice Most common method used by LPAs to remedy breaches of planning control
Green Belt A designation for land which aims to keep the land permanently open or largely undeveloped
Lawful Development Certificate A certificate issued by the LPA certifying that an existing or proposed use of land/buildings is lawful.
Listed Building Ac building which is included in a list compiled by or approved by the Secretary of State due to having special architectural or historic interest. A listed building may require listed building consent, in addition to planning permission, for works.
Local Plan A plan for the future development of the local area prepared by the LPA
Outline Planning Application A general application to establish whether the development is acceptable subject to subsequent approval by the LPA of detailed matters
Permitted Development Development which does not require planning permission as the permission is “deemed” granted. Prior approval may still be required from the LPA
Planning Condition A condition attached to a planning permission
Planning Permission A formal approval from the LPA allowing a proposed development to proceed. Planning permissions are often granted with conditions
Section 106 Agreement An agreement between an LPA and a landowner. The agreement will normally contain planning obligations which need to be complied with by the landowner.
Tree Preservation Order (TPO) An order made by an LPA in respect of a tree/trees with amenity value. Trees subject to a TPO cannot be lopped, topped or felled with consent From the LPA
Use Class Order The legislation that categorises the use of land and buildings into various classes. Planning permission is normally required to change from one use class to another.


If you would like to discuss any planning matters, please contact our team at Epping on 01992 578 642 or visit our website on

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